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Minerva Pediatr. 1992 Mar;44(3):79-86.

[The use of ofloxacin in cystic fibrosis patients].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

  • 1Istituto G. Gaslini, Universit√† degli Studi di Genova.

Abstract

The new quinolones represent the latest possibility of specific oral antibiotic treatment of infections caused by gram-negative bacteria. Among the new quinolones, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin are characterized by strong in vitro activity against most Pseudomonas species strains, favourable kinetic in body fluids, good tolerability and the possibility of oral administration. For these reasons they appear to be ideal antibiotics for long-term home therapy of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). The efficacy of ciprofloxacin has been recently assessed. In this study, actual effectiveness of ofloxacin in long-term home antibiotic treatment of patients affected by CF was evaluated. The study was a no-blind cross-over study, designed to compare ofloxacin treatment with conventional oral antibiotic therapy. Young adult patients, who needed long-term antibiotic therapy and whom sputum culture were positive for sensitive strains, were randomly assigned to 2 groups. One group received ofloxacin, the other group was given a non-quinolone oral antibiotic, selected according to sputum culture sensitivity. Oral antibiotics were administered for 20 days, then a break of 10 days was allowed during which patients received nebulized aminoglucosides, usually tobramycin. After 3 months, therapies were rotated: the first group received a non-quinolone oral antibiotic and the second group received ofloxacin for another 3 months. The clinical score (according to Huang et al., see table I) and the lung function (FVC, FEV1, pulsed SaO2) were assessed in all the patients at the beginning and at the end of each three months period of oral antibiotic therapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1518497
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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