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Exp Hematol. 2004 Jun;32(6):536-46.

Gene transfer into human T lymphocytes and natural killer cells by Ad5/F35 chimeric adenoviral vectors.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology and Oncology, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany. R.Schroers@medizin.uni-goettingen.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Genetic modification of effector lymphocytes, such as T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, is essential for many approaches to gene-based immunotherapy of cancer. However, transduction of lymphocytes has proven difficult by currently available gene transfer methods. Previous studies have shown that chimeric fiber-modified Ad5/F35 adenoviral vectors are able to efficiently transduce hematopoietic cells including immature progenitors. In this study, we examined the gene transfer into T lymphocytes and NK cells using Ad5/F35 compared with conventional Ad5 adenovectors.

METHODS:

Primary T and NK cells were isolated from healthy donors' peripheral blood leukocytes by immunomagnetic selection. Cell lines and primary lymphocytes were transduced with replication-defective Ad5/F35 and Ad5, both containing a GFP reporter gene under the control of a CMV promoter. Transduction efficiencies were monitored by flow cytometry. The function of transduced lymphocytes was assessed by analysis of proliferative responses to mitogenic agents and in mixed leukocyte reactions.

RESULTS:

Transgene expression was detected in up to 45% of primary CD3+ T lymphocytes and in up to 60% of primary NK cells using Ad5/F35. In contrast, conventional Ad5 transduced less than 8% and 5% of primary T cells and NK cells, respectively. Transduction efficiencies were similar in CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, and transgene expression could be detected for up to seven days. Activation of T cells significantly enhanced the efficiency of Ad5/F35-mediated gene transfer. Adenoviral transduction of lymphocytes did not result in any impairment of proliferative functions.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study demonstrate that both T lymphocytes and NK cells can be transduced by chimeric Ad5/F35 adenoviral vectors.

PMID:
15183894
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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