Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Traffic. 2004 Jul;5(7):470-7.

Actin and microtubules in cell motility: which one is in control?

Author information

  • CNRS-UMR144-Institut Curie, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris cedex 05, France, Sandrine.Etienne-Manneville@curie.fr

Abstract

The cytoskeleton is composed of three distinct elements: actin microfilaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments. The actin cytoskeleton is thought to provide protrusive and contractile forces, and microtubules to form a polarized network allowing organelle and protein movement throughout the cell. Intermediate filaments are generally considered the most rigid component, responsible for the maintenance of the overall cell shape. Cytoskeletal elements must be coordinately regulated for the cell to fulfill complex cellular functions, as diverse as cell migration, cell adhesion and cell division. Coordination between cytoskeletal elements is achieved by signaling pathways, involving common regulators such as the Rho guanosine-5'-triphosphatases (GTPases). Furthermore, evidence is now accumulating that cytoskeletal elements participate in regulating each other. As a consequence, although their functions seem well defined, they are in fact overlapping, with actin playing a role in membrane trafficking and microtubules being involved in the control of protrusive and contractile forces. This cytoskeletal crosstalk is both direct and mediated by signaling molecules. Cell motility is a well-studied example where the interplay between actin and microtubules appears bidirectional. This leads us to wonder which, if any, cytoskeletal element leads the way.

PMID:
15180824
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk