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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2002 Jun;8(5):289-95.

Is there a connection between estrogen and Parkinson's disease?

Author information

  • 1The Rosalyn Newman Scholar of Clinical Research in Parkinson's Disease, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 South Greene Street N4W46, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. lshulman@som.umaryland.edu

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that estrogens may protect the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway affected in Parkinson's disease (PD). Animal studies show that estrogens influence the synthesis, release, and metabolism of dopamine and can modulate dopamine receptor expression and function. Some clinical studies suggest that PD symptoms may be exacerbated after menopause and delayed or alleviated with hormone replacement therapy, but others have failed to observe positive estrogenic effects. The conflicting findings suggest that several variables, including age, estrogen dose and formulation, and timing and length of dosing period, may determine whether benefits are seen and the nature of these benefits. Further investigation is therefore needed for the relationship between estrogens and the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system.

PMID:
15177058
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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