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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jun 15;101(24):9033-8. Epub 2004 Jun 2.

Coevolution of gene expression among interacting proteins.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. hunter@ocf.berkeley.edu

Abstract

Physically interacting proteins or parts of proteins are expected to evolve in a coordinated manner that preserves proper interactions. Such coevolution at the amino acid-sequence level is well documented and has been used to predict interacting proteins, domains, and amino acids. Interacting proteins are also often precisely coexpressed with one another, presumably to maintain proper stoichiometry among interacting components. Here, we show that the expression levels of physically interacting proteins coevolve. We estimate average expression levels of genes from four closely related fungi of the genus Saccharomyces using the codon adaptation index and show that expression levels of interacting proteins exhibit coordinated changes in these different species. We find that this coevolution of expression is a more powerful predictor of physical interaction than is coevolution of amino acid sequence. These results demonstrate that gene expression levels can coevolve, adding another dimension to the study of the coevolution of interacting proteins and underscoring the importance of maintaining coexpression of interacting proteins over evolutionary time. Our results also suggest that expression coevolution can be used for computational prediction of protein-protein interactions.

PMID:
15175431
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC439012
Free PMC Article

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