Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2004;7(1-2):63-71.

Cytophaga-flavobacterium gliding motility.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53211, USA. mcbride@uwn.edu

Abstract

Flavobacterium johnsoniae, like many other members of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group, displays rapid gliding motility. Cells of F. johnsoniae glide over surfaces at rates of up to 10 microm/s. Latex spheres added to F. johnsoniae bind to and are rapidly propelled along cells, suggesting that adhesive molecules move laterally along the cell surface during gliding. Genetic analyses have identified a number of gld genes that are required for gliding. Three Gld proteins are thought to be components of an ATP-binding-cassette transporter. Five other Gld proteins are lipoproteins that localize to the cytoplasmic membrane or outer membrane. Disruption of gld genes results not only in loss of motility, but also in resistance to bacteriophages that infect wild-type cells, and loss of the ability to digest the insoluble polysaccharide chitin. Two models that attempt to incorporate the available data to explain the mechanism of F. johnsoniae gliding are presented.

Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk