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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jun;24(12):5235-48.

ABIN-2 forms a ternary complex with TPL-2 and NF-kappa B1 p105 and is essential for TPL-2 protein stability.

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  • 1Division of Immune Cell Biology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, United Kingdom.


NF-kappa B1 p105 forms a high-affinity, stoichiometric interaction with TPL-2, a MEK kinase essential for TLR4 activation of the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. Interaction with p105 is required to maintain TPL-2 metabolic stability and also negatively regulates TPL-2 MEK kinase activity. Here, affinity purification identified A20-binding inhibitor of NF-kappa B 2 (ABIN-2) as a novel p105-associated protein. Cotransfection experiments demonstrated that ABIN-2 could interact with TPL-2 in addition to p105 but preferentially formed a ternary complex with both proteins. Consistently, in unstimulated bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), a substantial fraction of endogenous ABIN-2 was associated with both p105 and TPL-2. Although the majority of TPL-2 in these cells was complexed with ABIN-2, the pool of TPL-2 which could activate MEK after LPS stimulation was not, and LPS activation of TPL-2 was found to correlate with its release from ABIN-2. Depletion of ABIN-2 by RNA interference dramatically reduced steady-state levels of TPL-2 protein without affecting levels of TPL-2 mRNA or p105 protein. In addition, ABIN-2 increased the half-life of cotransfected TPL-2. Thus, optimal TPL-2 stability in vivo requires interaction with ABIN-2 as well as p105. Together, these data raise the possibility that ABIN-2 functions in the TLR4 signaling pathway which regulates TPL-2 activation.

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