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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2004 Jun;128(6):645-8.

Detection of clonality with kappa and lambda immunohistochemical analysis in cutaneous plasmacytomas.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wis 54449, USA. garner.ilene@marshfieldclinic.org

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Cutaneous plasmacytomas rarely occur in the setting of multiple myeloma. However, since poorly differentiated lesions may resemble other neoplasms, such as carcinoma, melanoma, and lymphoma, the diagnosis of cutaneous plasmacytoma may be difficult.

OBJECTIVE:

To demonstrate clonality using kappa and lambda immunohistochemical analysis in cutaneous plasmacytomas and to ascertain whether or not interpretation is hindered by background staining.

DESIGN:

Pathology reports of all patients with the diagnosis of multiple myeloma were reviewed. Twelve patients had cutaneous lesions diagnosed as plasmacytoma, and these lesions were analyzed for light chain restriction with kappa and lambda immunohistochemical analysis.

RESULTS:

In most cases (11 of 12), monoclonality was demonstrated. In the remaining case, monoclonality could not be established because most cells did not stain for either kappa or lambda.

CONCLUSIONS:

Light chain restriction can be demonstrated in most multiple myeloma-related cutaneous plasmacytomas, establishing the neoplastic nature of the infiltrate.

PMID:
15163236
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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