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Plant Cell. 2004 Jun;16(6):1406-18. Epub 2004 May 25.

The Arabidopsis mutant sleepy1gar2-1 protein promotes plant growth by increasing the affinity of the SCFSLY1 E3 ubiquitin ligase for DELLA protein substrates.

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  • 1John Ines Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom.


DELLA proteins restrain the cell proliferation and enlargement that characterizes the growth of plant organs. Gibberellin stimulates growth via 26S proteasome-dependent destruction of DELLAs, thus relieving DELLA-mediated growth restraint. Here, we show that the Arabidopsis thaliana sleepy1gar2-1 (sly1gar2-1) mutant allele encodes a mutant subunit (sly1gar2-1) of an SCF(SLY1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. SLY1 (the wild-type form) and sly1gar2-1 both confer substrate specificity on this complex via specific binding to the DELLA proteins. However, sly1gar2-1 interacts more strongly with the DELLA target than does SLY1. In addition, the strength of the SCFSLY1-DELLA interaction is increased by target phosphorylation. Growth-promoting DELLA destruction is dependent on SLY1 availability, on the strength of the interaction between SLY1 and the DELLA target, and on promotion of the SCFSLY1-DELLA interaction by DELLA phosphorylation.

Copyright 2004 American Society of Plant Biologists

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