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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jun 18;319(1):46-9.

Reduced expression of Bax in ceramide-resistant HL-60 subline.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Dental University, 8-1 Kuzuhahanazonocho, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1121, Japan.


Ceramide, the backbone of sphingolipids, has been reported to be involved in various cellular responses including apoptosis. We recently established and characterized a C2-ceramide-resistant HL-60 subline designated HL-CR. HL-CR cells were resistant to not only ceramide but also anti-cancer drugs including daunorubicin, etoposide, and cytosine arabinoside. To elucidate the mechanisms by which HL-CR cells became resistant to various apoptosis-inducing stimuli, the levels of Bcl-2 family proteins, which play crucial roles in drug-induced apoptosis, were compared between HL-CR and parental HL-60 cells. Among Bcl-2 family members, Bax, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein, was highly expressed in HL-60 but was hardly detected in HL-CR cells. Transient transfection of bax-expressing plasmid, but not the vector alone, induced apoptosis in HL-CR cells. These results suggest that reduced expression of Bax might play a role in resistance to various apoptosis-inducing stimuli in HL-CR cells.

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