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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 May 25;1678(2-3):67-84.

Structure and function of poly(A) binding proteins.

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  • 1Institut für Biochemie, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Kurt-Mothes-Stasse. 3, D-06120 Halle, Germany.

Abstract

Poly (A) tails are found at the 3' ends of almost all eukaryotic mRNAs. They are bound by two different poly (A) binding proteins, PABPC in the cytoplasm and PABPN1 in the nucleus. PABPC functions in the initiation of translation and in the regulation of mRNA decay. In both functions, an interaction with the m7G cap at the 5' end of the message plays an important role. PABPN1 is involved in the synthesis of poly (A) tails, increasing the processivity of poly (A) polymerase and contributing to defining the length of a newly synthesized poly (A) tail.

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