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Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2004 Apr;42(4):294-8.

[CD25 monoclonal antibody for GVHD prophylaxis in non-T-cell depleted haploidentical bone marrow transplantation for treatment of childhood leukemia].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology, The General Hospital of PLA Air Force, Beijing 100036, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (Allo-BMT) has improved long-term survival in children patients with refractory leukemia. For patients who do not have an HLA-identical sibling, the treatment option is limited. Using related mismatch donors or parental donors for Allo-BMT was at high risk for acute severe GVHD. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of CD25 monoclonal antibody on reducing the incidence of severe acute GVHD in haploidentical bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of childhood leukemia.

METHODS:

Ten children with leukemia received haplotype Allo-BMT from HLA two or three loci mismatched related donors. Most patients were classified as in high risk category. The donors of patients were given G-CSF (Lenograstim Chugai) 250 microg/day for seven doses prior to marrow harvest. The non-T-cell depleted haploidentical bone marrow was infused. In addition to combination of CSA, MTX, ATG (Fresenius Hemocare, Germany) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for GVHD prophylaxis, CD(25) monoclonal antibody (Simulect, Novartis Pharma Switzerland) was administered to prevent acute severe GVHD.A total of 40 mg Simulect was given in two doses of 20 mg each by 30 min intravenous infusion 2 h before transplantation and day 4 after transplantation. The outcomes were compared with those of 8 children patients with leukemia who received haploidentical bone marrow transplantation without CD(25) antibody for GVHD prophylaxis.

RESULTS:

All patients were engrafted and sustained full donor-type engraftment. 100% donors hematopoietic cells after transplantation was determined by cytogenetic evidence analysis. The median days of granulocyte exceeding 0.5 x 10(9)/L and pallets exceeding 20 x 10(9)/L were 19 and 22 days, respectively. Patients were monitored till up to days 100 for the sign of aGVHD. None developed the grade II-IV acute GVHD. However, the incidence of the grade II-IV acute GVHD in control group was 50% (P = 0.0147). Eight patients could be evaluated for chronic GVHD. All experienced chronic GVHD confined to the skin. The median follow-up duration was 12 months (range 9 - 24 months). Two patients died from transplant related mortality, one had patient relapsed disease and died. The remaining seven patients were alive in disease-free situation.

CONCLUSION:

The use of Simulect in haploidentical bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of children patients with leukemia is effective for preventing acute severe GVHD and may reduce transplant-related mortality.

PMID:
15157394
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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