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Reprod Biomed Online. 2004 May;8(5):524-7.

Increasing the dose of human menopausal gonadotrophins on day of GnRH antagonist administration: randomized controlled trial.

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  • 1The Egyptian IVF-ET Centre, 3 Street 161, Hadayek El-Maadi, Maadi, Cairo 11431, Egypt.


A significantly lower pregnancy rate following the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol as compared with the long GnRH agonist protocol has been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate whether increasing the dose of gonadotrophins on the day of antagonist administration would increase the pregnancy rate. This study is an open labelled, randomized controlled trial and allocation was done using sealed envelopes. One hundred and fifty-one subfertile couples undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were included in the study. Ovarian stimulation was started on day 3 of the cycle, using 150-300 IU human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG)/day. From day 8 onward, daily vaginal ultrasound and daily urinary LH estimation were performed. If a premature LH rise was detected, the cycle was cancelled. The antagonist (0.25 mg daily) was started when the leading follicle reached 15 mm in mean diameter and LH testing in urine was negative up to and including the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) injection. Patients were randomized on the day of starting the antagonist into two groups: group A, 72 patients with no increase in HMG dose, and group B, 79 patients in whom the dose of HMG was increased by 75 IU on the day of antagonist administration, and continued till the day of HCG administration. The results showed no statistically significant difference between the groups regarding number of oocytes retrieved, embryos obtained, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate and multiple pregnancy rate. It was concluded that there is no clinical evidence for increasing the dose of HMG on the day of antagonist administration.

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