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Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2004 Jun;32(3):190-200.

Self-care intervention to reduce oral candidiasis recurrences in HIV-seropositive persons: a pilot study.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This single-blind randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the efficacy of a behavioral intervention program, PRO-SELF: Candidiasis, to reduce time to recurrence of oral candidiasis over 6 months in susceptible HIV-seropositive persons. The intervention involved instruction by dentists on improving oral hygiene, minimizing sugar intake, and self-diagnosing candidiasis.

METHODS:

Participants were adults with oral candidiasis responsive to antifungals who presented to the UCSF Stomatology Clinic between 1997 and 2000. At 2-3 weeks of follow-up visits, a dentist "examiner", masked to group assignment, quizzed participants as to the presence of candidiasis, and assessed candidiasis status. A second, unmasked dentist "instructor" then delivered the program to intervention participants. Participants recorded dietary and oral hygiene practices in 24-h recall diaries: intervention participants at each visit and controls at initial and final visits.

RESULTS:

At randomization, CD4+ cell counts (cells/mm(3)) were 298 +/- 188 among 18 intervention participants and 396 +/- 228 among 17 controls. The candidiasis recurrence rates at 6 months were 78% among intervention compared with 88% among control participants (hazard ratio 0.72; 95% CI 0.35-1.50). Performing oral hygiene after meals/snacks showed the largest relative improvement: intervention-control difference in proportion of meals/snacks affected was 24% (95% CI -1 to 48%). Self-diagnoses of candidiasis were inaccurate, possibly because of mild episodes.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results weakly indicate that regular instruction from healthcare professionals helps patients delay candidiasis recurrence by improving oral hygiene. Among HIV-seropositive persons, those with poor oral hygiene, and high-sugar diets are most likely to benefit.

Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard, 2004

PMID:
15151689
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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