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Health Educ Res. 2004 Oct;19(5):514-32. Epub 2004 May 17.

Evaluating community coalition characteristics and functioning: a summary of measurement tools.

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  • 1Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.


Community coalitions and partnerships are frequently used to promote community health; however, little research to evaluate measurement tools for assessing their effectiveness has been reported. This summary identified measurement tools for coalition or partnership characteristics and functioning. The largest numbers of measures were identified for assessing individual and group characteristics, with impact and outcome measures being the least numerous. Published measures often lacked information regarding validity and reliability, with internal consistency reliability being the most commonly reported statistic. Some measures were well defined, but others lacked conceptual clarity. Valid and reliable tools that can be applied across multiple coalitions are necessary in order to achieve a better understanding of the associations among factors influencing optimal coalition functioning and community health impacts and outcomes.

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