Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 May 25;101(21):8162-7. Epub 2004 May 17.

Forebrain degeneration and ventricle enlargement caused by double knockout of Alzheimer's presenilin-1 and presenilin-2.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.


Early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease is the most aggressive form of Alzheimer's, striking patients as early as their 30s; those patients typically carry mutations in presenilin-1 and presenilin-2. To investigate the coordinated functions of presenilin in the adult brain, we generated double knockout mice, in which both presenilins were deleted in the forebrain. We found that concurrent loss of presenilins in adulthood resulted in massive cortical shrinkage, atrophy of hippocampal molecular layers and corpus callosum, and enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. We further revealed that deficiency of presenilins caused a series of biochemical alterations, including neuronal atrophy, astrogliosis, caspase-3-mediated apoptosis, and tau hyperphosphorylation. Thus, our study demonstrates that presenilins are essential for the ongoing maintenance of cortical structures and function.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk