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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jul 30;279(31):32848-57. Epub 2004 May 17.

Translocation of full-length Bid to mitochondria during anoikis.

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  • 1Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Matrix Research, School of Biological Sciences, Manchester University, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom.


Epithelial cells require adhesion to the extracellular matrix for survival, and in the absence of adhesion they undergo apoptosis (anoikis). This is distinct from apoptosis induced by extracellular death ligands, such as tumor necrosis factor, which result in direct activation of caspase 8. Bid is a member of the BH3-only subfamily of the Bcl-2 proteins and is important for most cell types to apoptose in response to Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor activation. Caspase 8 cleaves full-length Bid, resulting in truncated p15 tBid. p15 tBid is potently apoptotic and activates the multidomain Bcl-2 protein, Bax, resulting in release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. We have previously shown that Bax rapidly translocates from the cytosol to mitochondria following loss of adhesion and that this is required for anoikis. We have now examined the role of Bid in anoikis. Bid translocates to mitochondria with identical kinetics as Bax. Although Bid is required for anoikis, it does not require proteolytic cleavage by caspase 8. Furthermore, it does not require Bid to interact directly with other Bcl-2 family proteins, such as Bax. Our data indicate that Bid is important for regulating apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway and has implications for how Bid may fulfill that role.

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