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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 May 19;43(10):1765-72.

Sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in the cardiac catheterization laboratory among patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention: incidence, predictors, and outcomes.

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  • 1University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to evaluate the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of ventricular tachycardia and/or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) in the cardiac catheterization laboratory among patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

BACKGROUND:

Although VT/VF has been known to occur during primary PCI, the current data do not identify patients at risk for these arrhythmias or the outcomes of such patients.

METHODS:

We evaluated 3065 patients enrolled in the Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction (PAMI) trials, who underwent primary PCI to evaluate the associations of VT/VF and the influence of these arrhythmias on in-hospital and one-year outcomes.

RESULTS:

In patients undergoing primary PCI, VT/VF occurred in 133 (4.3%). Multivariate analysis identified the following as independent correlates of VT/VF: smoking (odds ratio [OR] 1.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26 to 3.02), lack of preprocedural beta-blockers (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.35 to 4.07), time from symptom onset to emergency room of <or=180 min (OR 2.63, 95% CI 1.42 to 4.89), initial Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 0 (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.23 to 3.47), and right coronary artery-related infarct (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.25 to 2.99). Although patients with VT/VF had a higher incidence of bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and endotracheal intubation in the catheterization laboratory, their in-hospital and one-year adverse outcomes were similar to those of the cohort without these arrhythmias.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that the incidence of VT/VF during primary PCI is low, indicating that these arrhythmias do not influence PCI success or in-hospital or one-year outcomes. Our data further help identify patients at risk of VT/VF during primary PCI and suggest that pretreatment with beta-blockers should be strongly considered to reduce these arrhythmias.

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PMID:
15145097
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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