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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jun;24(11):4696-709.

An extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1- and 2-dependent program of chromatin trafficking of c-Fos and Fra-1 is required for cyclin D1 expression during cell cycle reentry.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Vermont Cancer Center, HSRF 328, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 89 Beaumont Ave., Burlington, VT 05405, USA. Nicholas.Heintz@uvm.edu

Abstract

Mitogens activate cell signaling and gene expression cascades that culminate in expression of cyclin D1 during the G(0)-to-G(1) transition of the cell cycle. Using cell cycle arrest in response to oxidative stress, we have delineated a dynamic program of chromatin trafficking of c-Fos and Fra-1 required for cyclin D1 expression during cell cycle reentry. In serum-stimulated lung epithelial cells, c-Fos was expressed, recruited to chromatin, phosphorylated at extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1- and 2 (ERK1,2)-dependent sites, and degraded prior to prolonged recruitment of Fra-1 to chromatin. Immunostaining showed that expression of nuclear c-Fos and that of cyclin D1 are mutually exclusive, whereas nuclear Fra-1 and cyclin D1 are coexpressed as cells traverse G(1). Oxidative stress prolonged the accumulation of phospho-ERK1,2 and phospho-c-Fos on chromatin, inhibited entry of Fra-1 into the nucleus, and blocked cyclin D1 expression. After induction of the immediate-early gene response in the presence of oxidative stress, inhibition of ERK1,2 signaling promoted degradation of c-Fos, recruitment of Fra-1 to chromatin, and expression of cyclin D1. Our data indicate that termination of nuclear ERK1,2 signaling is required for an exchange of Fra-1 for c-Fos on chromatin and initiation of cyclin D1 expression at the G(0)-to-G(1) transition of the cell cycle.

PMID:
15143165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC416393
Free PMC Article
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