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Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2004 May;3(2):250-3.

Toll-like receptor 4 involvement in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China. hs1898@public.wh.hb.cn

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in innate immunity by recognizing endotoxin resulting in a burst of inflammatory cascade. We investigated the relation between activation of TLR4 and liver injury in partial hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.

METHODS:

TLR4-deficient mice (C3H/Hej) and wild type mice (WT, C3H/Heouj) were used in the model of I/R injury. Partial hepatic ischemia was produced by occlusion of inflow to the median and left lobes for 45 minutes. Blood was drawn at 1 and 3 hours after reperfusion. The blood was analyzed for aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). TNF-alpha mRNA expression and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in the ischemic lobes were examined by northern blot and myeloperoxidase assay respectively.

RESULTS:

AST levels were significantly decreased in TLR4deficient mice compared with WT mice at both time points (WT: 1215.5+/-174.03, 2958.17+/-186.81 IU/L at 1 and 3 hours respectively vs TLR4def: 661.83+/-106.09, 1145.17+/-132.43 IU/L at 1 and 3 hours, mean+/-SD, 6 mice/group, t=-6.65 and -5.57, P<0.001). Consistent with the role of TNF-alpha in hepatic I/R, serum TNF-alpha was decreased in TLR4 deficient mice at 3 hours after reperfusion compared with WT (152.39+/-43.3 vs 249.12+/-51.89, n=6, t=-3.13, P<0.05). MPO level in the ischemic lobes in TLR4 deficient mice at 3 hours after reperfusion was significantly lower than that in WT mice (0.059 +/-0.004 vs 0.173+/-0.025, n=6, F=33.49, P<0.001). This difference appears to be mediated at the gene level since TLR4 deficient mice had decreased TNF-alpha mRNA expression at 1 hour after reperfusion compared with WT mice (80.3+/-28.8 vs 189.4+/-24.6, t=-3.25, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with WT mice, TLR4-deficient mice appear to have a mild I/R injury. Regulation of TNF-alpha at mRNA level seems to have a critical effect. These suggest TLR4 be involved in the mechanism of hepatic I/R injury in mice.

PMID:
15138120
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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