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J Urol. 2004 Jun;171(6 Pt 1):2272-6, quiz 2435.

Bicalutamide 150 mg maintains bone mineral density during monotherapy for localized or locally advanced prostate cancer.

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  • 1Urological Associates of Lancaster Ltd, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604-3200, USA. psieber610@aol.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We evaluated changes in bone mineral density (BMD), fat-free mass (FFM) and serum lipid levels during bicalutamide 150 mg monotherapy compared with medical castration for 2 years.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 103 men with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer (T1-T4, Nx, M0) for whom immediate androgen deprivation was indicated were enrolled in this prospective, multicenter, open-label, parallel group study. Patients were randomized to bicalutamide 150 mg once daily (51) or medical castration with a luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogue (52) for 96 weeks. Primary end points were mean percent change from baseline in lumbar spine BMD, hip BMD and FFM at 96 weeks. Mean changes in lipid parameters with time were also evaluated.

RESULTS:

BMD was maintained during bicalutamide 150 mg monotherapy (+2.42% for lumbar spine BMD and +1.13% for hip BMD at week 96), while castration was associated with a progressive loss in BMD (-5.40% and -4.39% at week 96, respectively, both p <0.0001 at week 96). There was no significant difference between bicalutamide 150 mg and castration in mean percent change from baseline in FFM (-1.56% and -3.86%, respectively, at week 96, p = 0.31), although there was a trend for greater progressive loss over time with castration. Mean changes in lipid parameters were small and similar in the 2 groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bicalutamide 150 mg monotherapy may offer an important advantage compared to castration in terms of bone loss and body composition for patients who require long-term androgen deprivation for localized or locally advanced prostate cancer.

PMID:
15126801
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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