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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2004 Apr;39(4):374-9.

Sexuality in patients with ulcerative colitis before and after restorative proctocolectomy: a prospective study.

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  • 1Institute for Surgical Science, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.



The purpose of this study was to assess sexuality in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), before and one year after an ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA).


Group I comprised 14 medically treated patients (7 M) and Group II comprised 29 patients (18 M), operated with colectomy and ileostomy, with preservation of the rectum. Patients were interviewed about desire, excitement and general sexual satisfaction before and one year after the IPAA operation.


Most of the patients had restarted sexual activity < or = 3 months after surgery. Sexual desire and desire for intercourse had not changed from before the IPAA operation. In Group I, one woman suffered from dyspareunia both before and after the IPAA. In Group II, three women had dyspareunia before the IPAA and four after surgery. Erection and ejaculation were normal in all men before the IPAA operation. After IPAA, one man in Group I and two men in Group II had loss of ejaculation. In Group 1, 10 out of 14 patients were satisfied with their sexual life both before and after the IPAA. In Group II the corresponding figures were 15 out of 28 before and 22 after IPAA surgery.


A third of the patients stated that they were dissatisfied with their sexual life before IPAA. Although a few patients experienced sexual imperfections such as loss of ejaculation and dyspareunia, the majority of patients in both groups considered that the overall general satisfaction with their sexual life had normalized considerably after surgery.

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