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Dev Psychol. 2004 May;40(3):400-11.

Families created through surrogacy arrangements: parent-child relationships in the 1st year of life.

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  • 1Family and Child Psychology Reseaerch Centre, City University, London, United Kingdom.


Findings are presented of a study of families created through surrogacy arrangements. Forty-two surrogacy families were compared with 51 egg-donation families and 80 natural-conception families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological well-being of the parents, the quality of parent-child relationships, and infant temperament. The differences that were identified between the surrogacy families and the other family types indicated greater psychological well-being and adaptation to parenthood by mothers and fathers of children born through surrogacy arrangements than by the natural-conception parents.

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