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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 May 28;318(2):507-13.

The effect of variable domain orientation and arrangement on the antigen-binding activity of a recombinant human bispecific diabody.

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  • 1Department of Antibody Technology, ImClone Systems Incorporated, New York, NY 10014, USA.


In recent years a variety of recombinant methods have been developed for efficient production of bispecific antibodies (BsAb) in various formats. Bispecific diabody (bDAb), a 55-60 kDa molecule comprising two non-covalently associated cross-over single chain Fv (scFv) polypeptides, represents one of the most promising as well the most straightforward approaches to BsAb production. Here we constructed a bDAb, using two human scFv, 11F8 and A12, directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR), respectively, as the building blocks. A total of 8 scFv and diabody constructs were prepared comprising the same two variable heavy (V(H)) and variable light (V(L)) chain domains but arranged in different orientations. V(H)/V(L) orientation, i.e., V(H)-linker-V(L) or V(L)-linker-V(H), showed significant effects on the expression and antigen-binding activity of scFv and monospecific diabody of both 11F8 and A12. Further, only 2 out of the 4 possible V(H)/V(L) orientations/arrangements in bDAb construction yielded active products that retain binding activity to both EGFR and IGFR. Both active bDAb preparations retained their original antigen-binding activity after incubation at 37 degrees C in mouse serum for up to 7 days, indicating excellent stability of the constructs. Taken together, our results underscore the importance of identifying/selecting optimal V(H)/V(L) orientation/arrangement for efficient production of active bDAb.

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