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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Apr;190(4):1025-9.

Patient satisfaction and changes in prolapse and urinary symptoms in women who were fitted successfully with a pessary for pelvic organ prolapse.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA. Jeffrey.Clemons@nw.amedd.army.mil

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to estimate, in women after 2 months of pessary use, patient satisfaction and the percentage of prolapse and urinary symptoms that improve or worsen.

STUDY DESIGN:

In a prospective study, 100 consecutive women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse were fitted with a pessary, and 73 women had a successful 2-week pessary fitting trial. Prolapse and urinary symptoms were assessed at baseline and at 2 months. Patient satisfaction was assessed at 2 months. Risk factors for patient dissatisfaction were assessed.

RESULTS:

Nearly all prolapse symptoms resolved from baseline to 2 months, respectively: bulge (90% to 3%; P<.001), pressure (49% to 3%; P<.001), discharge (12% to 0%; P=.003), and splinting (14% to 0%; P=.001). Among women with concurrent urinary symptoms at baseline, stress incontinence improved in 45%, urge incontinence improved in 46%, and voiding difficulty improved in 53%, after 2 months. However, among women without urinary symptoms at baseline, occult (de novo) stress incontinence occurred in 21%, de novo urge incontinence occurred in 6%, and de novo voiding difficulty occurred in 4%. At 2 months, 92% of the women were satisfied with their pessary. Six women (8%) were dissatisfied and discontinued use of the pessary. Dissatisfaction was associated with occult stress incontinence (odds ratio, 17.1; 95% CI, 1.9, 206; P=.004).

CONCLUSION:

After 2 months, 92% of women with a successful pessary fitting trial were satisfied. Nearly all prolapse symptoms resolved after 2 months; 50% of urinary symptoms improved, but occult stress incontinence was a common side effect.

PMID:
15118635
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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