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Circulation. 2004 May 4;109(17):2080-5. Epub 2004 Apr 26.

Detection of acutely impaired microvascular reperfusion after infarct angioplasty with magnetic resonance imaging.

Author information

  • 1Alfred and Baker Heart Research Institute, Heart Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. andrew.taylor@baker.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the reopening of the infarct-related artery (IRA) with infarct angioplasty, complete microvascular reperfusion does not always ensue.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We performed cardiovascular MRI (CMR) in 20 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients within 24 hours of successful infarct angioplasty and 10 control patients without obstructive coronary artery disease on a clinical 1.5-T CMR scanner. Three-month follow-up CMR in AMI patients evaluated the impact of abnormal reperfusion on recovery of function. Infarction was localized by delayed contrast hyperenhancement and impaired systolic thickening. Microvascular perfusion was assessed at rest by first-pass perfusion CMR after a bolus of gadolinium-DTPA by use of the time to 50% maximum myocardial enhancement. Whereas contrast wash-in was homogeneous in control patients, AMI patients exhibited delays in the hypokinetic region subtended by the IRA compared with remote segments in 19 of 20 patients, with a mean contrast delay of 0.9+/-0.1 seconds (95% CI, 0.6 to 1.2 seconds). At follow-up, the mean recovery of systolic thickening was lower in segments with a contrast delay of 2 seconds or more (10+/-7% versus 39+/-4%, P<0.001). A contrast delay > or =2 seconds and infarction >75% transmurally were independent predictors of impaired left ventricular systolic thickening at 3 months (P=0.002 for severe contrast delay, P=0.048 for >75% for transmural infarction).

CONCLUSIONS:

CMR detects impaired microvascular reperfusion in AMI patients despite successful infarct angioplasty, which when severe is associated with a lack of recovery of wall motion.

PMID:
15117844
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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