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Am J Public Health. 2004 May;94(5):870-5.

Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, 7001 E. Williams Field Road, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA. Jeff.Hampl@asu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to determine prevalence rates of vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States.

METHODS:

We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess intake of dietary, supplemental, and serum vitamin C.

RESULTS:

Mean intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were normal; however, vitamin C deficiency and depletion were common (occurring among 5%-17% and 13%-23% of respondents, respectively). Smokers, those who did not use supplements, and non-Hispanic Black males had elevated risks of vitamin C deficiency, while Mexican Americans had lower risks.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health professionals should recommend consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and should recommend supplementation for individuals at risk of vitamin C deficiency.

PMID:
15117714
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448351
Free PMC Article
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