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Blood. 2004 Aug 15;104(4):1204-9. Epub 2004 Apr 27.

Continuous in vivo infusion of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) preferentially reduces myeloid progenitor numbers and enhances engraftment of syngeneic wild-type cells in Fancc-/- mice.

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  • 1Indiana University School of Medicine, Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Cancer Research Institute, 1044 W Walnut St, Rm 402,Indianapolis, IN 46202-5254, USA.


Fanconi anemia (FA) is characterized by bone marrow (BM) failure and cancer susceptibility. Identification of the cDNAs of many FA complementation types allows the potential of using gene transfer technology to introduce functional cDNAs as transgenes into autologous stem cells and provide a cure for the BM failure in FA patients. Previous studies in FA murine models and in a phase 1 clinical trial suggest that myelopreparation is required for significant engraftment of exogenous, genetically corrected stem cells. Since myeloid progenitors from Fancc-/- mice and human Fanconi anemia group C protein (FANCC) patients have increased apoptosis in response to interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in vitro, we hypothesized that IFN-gamma may be useful as a nongenotoxic, myelopreparative conditioning agent. To test this hypothesis, IFN-gamma was administered as a continuous infusion to Fancc-/- and wild-type (WT) mice for 1 week. Primitive and mature myeloid lineages were preferentially reduced in IFN-gamma-treated Fancc-/- mice. Further, IFN-gamma conditioning of Fancc-/- recipients was sufficient as a myelopreparative regimen to allow consistent engraftment of isogenic WT repopulating stem cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate that Fancc-/- hematopoietic cell populations have increased hypersensitivity to IFN-gamma in vivo and that IFN-gamma conditioning may be useful as a nongenotoxic strategy for myelopreparation in this disorder.

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