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Biomol Eng. 2004 Apr;21(2):45-50.

Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) using ssDNA binding fluorescent dye.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. arto.orpana@hus.fi

Abstract

There is a need for simple and inexpensive methods for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and short insertion/deletion variations (InDels). In this work, I demonstrate that a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) binding dye can be used as a donor fluorophore for fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The method presented is a homogenous assay in which detection is based on the FRET from the fluorescence of the ssDNA dye bound to the unmodified detection primer to the fluorescent nucleotide analog incorporated into this detection primer during cyclic template directed primer extension reaction. Collection of the FRET emission spectrum with a scanning fluorescence spectrophotometer allows powerful data analysis. The fluorescence emission signal is modified by the optical properties of the assay vessel. This seems to be a completely neglected parameter. By proper selection of the optical properties of the assay plate one can improve the detection of the fluorescence emission signal.

PMID:
15113557
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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