Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 1992 Sep 1;31(34):7796-801.

Incorporation of a stabilizing Ca(2+)-binding loop into subtilisin BPN'.

Author information

  • 1Protein Engineering Department, Genetech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080.


A rational approach was taken to improve the stability of subtilisin BPN' to autoproteolysis. Two sites of autoproteolysis were identified by isolation of early autolysis products and amino-terminal sequence analysis. These studies showed that subtilisin rapidly cleaves Ala48-Ser49 and Ser163-Thr164 peptide bonds at elevated temperatures. These two sites appear in regions of high mobility as estimated from crystallographic B-factors and are in extended surface loops. To improve the resistance to thermal-induced autolysis, we replaced sequences around these two sites with sequences derived from a thermophilic homologue of subtilisin, thermitase. Thermitase contains a Ca(2+)-binding site in the region surrounding Ser49. When the Ca(2+)-binding segment of thermitase corresponding to residues 45-63 of subtilisin BPN' was installed into subtilisin BPN', the chimeric protein gained the ability to bind another Ca2+ with moderate affinity (Kd approximately 100 microM). This enzyme had the same kcat as wild-type, had a KM value 8-fold larger than wild-type, and was slightly less stable to thermal inactivation in EDTA. However, in 10 mM CaCl2, the mutant subtilisin BPN' was 10-fold more stable to irreversible inactivation at 60 degrees C than wild-type subtilisin BPN' as measured by residual activity against the substrate sAAPF-pna. Next, mutations and deletions derived from thermitase were introduced near the second autolysis loop in subtilisin BPN' (residues 158-165). However, all of these mutants were less stable than wild-type subtilisin. Thus, some (but not all) mutations derived from a thermophilic homologue near sites of autolysis can be stabilizing to a mesophilic protease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk