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Planta Med. 2004 Apr;70(4):347-52.

Studies on the effects of fpf1 gene on Artemisia annua flowering time and on the linkage between flowering and artemisinin biosynthesis.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Photosynthesis and Environmental Molecular Physiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P. R. China.


The flowering promoting factor1 ( fpf1) from Arabidopsis thaliana was transferred into Artemisia annua L. via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The fpf1 gene was firstly inserted in the binary vector pBI121 under the control of CaMV 35S promoter to construct the plant expression vector pBIfpf1, then leaf explants of A. annua were infected with A. tumefaciens LBA4404 containing pBIfpf1, and induced shoots. Transgenic plants were obtained through the selection with kanamycin. PCR, PCR-Southern and Southern blot analyses confirmed that the foreign fpf1 gene had been integrated into the A. annua genome. RT-PCR and RT-PCR-Southern analyses suggested that the foreign fpf1 gene had expressed at the transcriptional level. Under short-day conditions, the flowering time of fpf1 transgenic plants was about 20 days earlier than the non-transformed plants; however, no significant differences were detected in artemisinin content between the flowering transgenic plants and the non-flowering non-transgenic plants. These results showed that flowering is not a necessary factor for increasing the artemisinin content, furthermore, there may be no direct linkage between flowering and artemisinin biosynthesis.

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