Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Jan;10(1):8-13.

Emerging issues in virus taxonomy.

Author information

  • 1Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Biotechnology School, University of Strasbourg, Illkirch, France. vanregen@esbs.u-strasbg.fr

Abstract

Viruses occupy a unique position in biology. Although they possess some of the properties of living systems such as having a genome, they are actually nonliving infectious entities and should not be considered microorganisms. A clear distinction should be drawn between the terms virus, virion, and virus species. Species is the most fundamental taxonomic category used in all biological classification. In 1991, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) decided that the category of virus species should be used in virus classification together with the categories of genus and family. More than 50 ICTV study groups were given the task of demarcating the 1,550 viral species that were recognized in the 7th ICTV report, which was published in 2000. We briefly describe the changes in virus classification that were introduced in that report. We also discuss recent proposals to introduce a nonlatinized binomial nomenclature for virus species.

Comment in

PMID:
15078590
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3322749
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for CDC-NCEZID Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk