Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Curr Med Chem. 2004 Apr;11(7):807-26.

SIR2: the biochemical mechanism of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylation and ADP-ribosyl enzyme intermediates.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave F304, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

The Sir2 family of enzymes is a recently described class of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases that use NAD+ as a reactant to deacetylate acetyllysine residues of protein substrates to form the aminolysine sidechain and a novel product 2'-O-acetyl-ADP-ribose. The founding member of the Sir2 proteins, the yeast Sir2p, has been identified as a key member of SIR complexes responsible for the long-term silencing of genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Increase of Sir2 activity by caloric restriction or osmotic stress increases genome stability and lifespan in this organism. The Sir2 reaction mechanism couples ADP-ribosyltransfer and hydrolysis reactions via the formation of a stabilized ADPR-peptidyl intermediate. Principles of the chemistry of stabilized ADPR intermediates are examined for Sir2 and the mechanistically related ADP-ribosylcyclase CD38. An examination of the crystal structures of Sir2 family members is presented with a view to the chemical requirements of the Sir2 reaction. The present review describes the current knowledge of the Sir2 reaction, the reaction mechanism and the regulation of Sir2.

PMID:
15078167
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk