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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2004;44(1):57-62.

Utilizing waste products from the food production and processing industries.

Author information

  • 1Center for Life and Food Sciences, Technische Universitat Munchen, Weihenstephanir Steig 22, Freising D-85350, Germany.

Abstract

Waste in the food industry is characterized by a high ratio of product-specific waste. Not only does this mean that the generation of this waste is unavoidable, but also that the amount and kind of waste produced, which consists primarily of the organic residue of processed raw materials, can scarcely be altered if the quality of the finished product is to remain consistent. The utilization and disposal of product-specific waste is difficult, due to its inadequate biological stability, potentially pathogenic nature, high water content, potential for rapid autoxidation, and high level of enzymatic activity. The diverse types of waste generated by various branches of the food industry can be quantified based on each branches' respective level of production. Moreover; the origins of each type of waste and a tabulated overview of the traditional agricultural methods for reusing the waste are discussed. Additionally, alternative methods of waste management have emerged, which target the most important contents of the waste. In conclusion, new possibilities for the utilization of food industry waste are described.

PMID:
15077881
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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