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AIDS. 2004 Jan 23;18(2):342-4.

The incidence of HIV-1 associated with injections and transfusions in a prospective cohort, Rakai, Uganda.

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  • 1The Rakai Project, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe.


The incidence of HIV associated with medical injections was assessed in a cohort of 6868 HIV-negative individuals; 42.8% reported injections and 0.5% reported transfusions. The Poisson adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of incident HIV were 1.05% (CI 0.75-1.46) associated with medical injections, and 3.92 (CI 1.22-12.58) associated with transfusions. Sexual behaviours were significantly associated with HIV risk. Medical injections did not increase HIV acquisition in this rural Ugandan population.

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