Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Aug;310(2):563-70. Epub 2004 Apr 9.

Characterization of two novel N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists: EAA-090 (2-[8,9-dioxo-2,6-diazabicyclo [5.2.0]non-1(7)-en2-yl]ethylphosphonic acid) and EAB-318 (R-alpha-amino-5-chloro-1-(phosphonomethyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2-propanoic acid hydrochloride).

Author information

  • 1Discovery Neuroscience, Wyeth Research, CN8000, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA.

Abstract

Two novel N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists with unique chemical structures, EAA-090 (2-[8,9-dioxo-2, 6-diazabicyclo[5.2.0]non-1(7)-en2-yl]ethylphosphonic acid) and EAB-318 (R-alpha-amino-5-chloro-1-(phosphonomethyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2-propanoic acid hydrochloride), were compared with CGS-19755 (Selfotel) in ligand binding, electrophysiology, and neuroprotection assays. CGS-19755, EAA-090 and EAB-318 inhibited [(3)H]3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonic acid binding to NMDA receptors with IC(50) values of 55, 28, and 7.9 nM, respectively. All three compounds decreased the duration of spontaneous synaptic currents and inhibited NMDA-activated currents in rat hippocampal neurons. IC(50) values for inhibition of current induced by 10 microM NMDA were 795, 477, and 69 nM for CGS-19755, EAA-090, and EAB-318, respectively. The NMDA antagonists protected chick embryo retina slices and cultured rat hippocampal and cortical neurons from glutamate- and NMDA-induced neurotoxicity. In experiments in which different NMDA receptor splice variants and subtypes were expressed in Xenopus oocytes, all three antagonists preferentially blocked NMDA-elicited currents mediated by N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NR)1 splice variants containing the N-terminal insertion. They also favored NR2A-versus NR2B- or NR2C-containing NMDA receptors, with EAA-090 showing the greatest selectivity. EAA-090 was 10 times more potent at blocking NR2A-versus NR2B- or NR2C-containing NMDA receptors. In addition to being the most potent NMDA antagonist, EAB-318 inhibited alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and kainate receptors. The combination of NMDA and AMPA/kainate block enabled EAB-318 to protect neurons against ischemia induced cell death.

PMID:
15075380
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Chemical Information

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk