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Med Phys. 2004 Mar;31(3):427-32.

Modeling liver motion and deformation during the respiratory cycle using intensity-based nonrigid registration of gated MR images.

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  • 1Image Guidance Laboratories, Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5327, USA.

Abstract

We present a technique for modeling liver motion during the respiratory cycle using intensity-based nonrigid registration of gated magnetic resonance (MR) images. Three-dimensional MR images of the abdomens of four volunteers were acquired at end-inspiration, end-expiration, and eight time points in between using respiratory gating. The deformation fields between the images were computed using intensity-based rigid and nonrigid registration algorithms. Global motion is modeled by a rigid transformation while local motion is modeled by a free-form deformation based on B-splines. Much of the liver motion was cranial-caudal translation, which was captured by the rigid transformation. However, there was still substantial residual deformation (approximately 10 mm averaged over the entire liver in four volunteers, and 34 mm at one place in the liver of one volunteer). The computed organ motion model can potentially be used to determine an appropriate respiratory-gated radiotherapy window during which the position of the target is known within a specified excursion.

PMID:
15070239
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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