Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FEBS Lett. 2004 Apr 9;563(1-3):191-6.

Glutaminyl cyclases unfold glutamyl cyclase activity under mild acid conditions.

Author information

  • 1Probiodrug AG, Biocenter, Weinbergweg 22, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

Abstract

N-terminal pyroglutamate (pGlu) formation from glutaminyl precursors is a posttranslational event in the processing of bioactive neuropeptides such as thyrotropin-releasing hormone and neurotensin during their maturation in the secretory pathway. The reaction is facilitated by glutaminyl cyclase (QC), an enzyme highly abundant in mammalian brain. Here, we describe for the first time that human and papaya QC also catalyze N-terminal glutamate cyclization. Surprisingly, the enzymatic Glu(1) conversion is favored at pH 6.0 while Gln(1) conversion occurs with an optimum at pH 8.0. This unexpected finding might be of importance for deciphering the events leading to deposition of highly toxic pyroglutamyl peptides in amyloidotic diseases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk