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Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jan;23(1):1-19, v.

Acute ankle injury and chronic lateral instability in the athlete.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Ankle injuries occur frequently in sports. The lateral ligamentous complex, specifically the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments, are most commonly injured. In acute lateral ligament injuries, a functional ankle rehabilitation program is the mainstay of treatment. Chronic ankle instability develops in a minority of patients. Surgical procedures are broadly classified into anatomic ligament repairs versus reconstructive tenodeses. Commonly performed techniques include the Brostrom-Gould procedure,the modified Brostrum-Evans procedure, and the Chrisman-Snook procedure.

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