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Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2004 Feb 7;42(3):158-62.

[Clinical analysis and molecular genetic study of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer kindreds].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgical Oncology, Second Peoples' Hospital of Wenzhou, Wenzhou 325028, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the clinicopathological and molecular genetic characteristics of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), to enable the early diagnosis and to evaluate the treatment.

METHODS:

We analyzed 12 families of HNPCC from Wenzhou, Zhejiang province, China. Mismatch repair genes hMSH2 and hMLH1 expression and microsatellite instability of tumor tissue were studied using microdissection, microsatellite analysis, immunohistochemical staining and Gene Scan analysis. Direct DNA sequencing of hMSH2 and hMLH1 were performed subsequently.

RESULTS:

Altogether 32 patients with colorectal cancer were recognized in 12 HNPCC families, with the median age of 45.2 years (75.0% before the age of 50 years). The proximal tumors accounted for 51.1%, while multiple colorectal cancers accounted for 34.4%. Poor differentiation cancers occupied half of the patients (53.1%). And 68.8% of the patients had the tumor of Dukes A and B. Among 12 HNPCC families, 7 cases in 6 HNPCC families developed extracolonic cancer. 13 cases died during follow up of 1 - 23 years. The median survival time was 6.4 years. 19 alive cases followed up from 1 to 28 years. All tumors (9/9) displayed microsatellite instability, with the half losing hMSH2 or hMLH1 expression. In the 5 genetic analyzed kindreds 3 possessed germline mutation. Two of three mutations have not been reported in the worldwide database previously.

CONCLUSION:

HNPCC showed distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Microsatellite instability analysis and immunohistochemical staining might be the effective screening methods before direct DNA sequencing for the detection of mutation in mismatch repair genes. It is important to analyze the members of affected families.

PMID:
15062061
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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