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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Mar;(420):160-8.

Impaction allografting for femoral component revision: clinical update.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.


The technique of cancellous impaction allografting with cement aims to reconstitute a bone-deficient proximal femur while also gaining stable fixation of the femoral prosthesis. Some reports of this technique imply it is a system, requiring not just an exacting surgical method, but also a particular implant design, the polished, double-tapered stem. Other series consider it a surgical technique, and have varied the femoral component design, the method of graft delivery, and other elements of the procedure. Our review evaluates the current literature, with the goal of beginning to ascertain whether published results suggest impaction grafting must be considered a system, requiring a particular stem design, or simply another means to achieve femoral reconstruction in the revision setting. The conclusive answer will require randomized, controlled clinical trials to evaluate particular elements of the procedure, and these studies have yet to be done. However, investigators have shown similarly good short-term to intermediate-term results with various femoral stems at numerous centers. Currently, femoral impaction allografting, whether as a system using particular implant designs or as a surgical technique, is an accepted alternative for revision of a failed femoral component, particularly when bone-stock deficiency is present.

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