Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Psychiatry. 2004 Apr;184:293-8.

Urbanisation and incidence of psychosis and depression: follow-up study of 4.4 million women and men in Sweden.

Author information

  • 1Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Kristina.Sundquist@klinvet.ki.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies of differences in mental health between urban and rural populations are inconsistent.

AIMS:

To examine whether a high level of urbanisation is associated with increased incidence rates of psychosis and depression, after adjustment for age, marital status, education and immigrant status.

METHOD:

Follow-up study of the total Swedish population aged 25-64 years with respect to first hospital admission for psychosis or depression. Level of urbanisation was defined by population density and divided into quintiles.

RESULTS:

With increasing levels of urbanisation the incidence rates of psychosis and depression rose. In the full models, those living in the most densely populated areas (quintile 5) had 68-77% more risk of developing psychosis and 12-20% more risk of developing depression than the reference group (quintile 1).

CONCLUSIONS:

A high level of urbanisation is associated with increased risk of psychosis and depression for both women and men.

Comment in

PMID:
15056572
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk