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J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Apr;104(4):567-75.

Intake of alpha-tocopherol is limited among US adults.

Author information

  • 1Dietary Assessment and Epidemiology Research Program, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine alpha-tocopherol intake and food sources of alpha-tocopherol in the US population relative to current Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin E.

DESIGN:

We analyzed food source and intake data from the 1994 to 1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) with added values for alpha-tocopherol from the US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 15.

SUBJECTS:

Data from 5,056 men and 4,703 women aged 20 years and older were obtained from the 1994 to 1996 CSFII.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED:

The complex design and sampling weights of the CSFII survey were taken into account to calculate the mean alpha-tocopherol intake from diet, the SEM, and the percent of the Estimated Average Requirements (EARs) for alpha-tocopherol intake by age group and region.

RESULTS:

Only 8.0% of men and 2.4% of women in the United States met the new EARs for vitamin E intake from foods alone. Regionally, only 5.8% of men and 2.1% of women in the South met these EARs, relative to 9.0% and 2.6%, respectively, in the Northeast. Top contributors of alpha-tocopherol for men and women included ready-to-eat cereal, sweet baked products, white bread, beef, oils, and salad dressing.

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of men and women in the United States fail to meet the current recommendations for vitamin E intake. Many of the top contributors are not particularly high sources of alpha-tocopherol but are consumed frequently. Greater inclusion of sources such as nuts, seeds, and vitamin E-rich oils, could improve intake of alpha-tocopherol.

Comment in

  • More optimal forms of vitamin E. [J Am Diet Assoc. 2005]
PMID:
15054342
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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