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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 4;279(23):24631-9. Epub 2004 Mar 30.

Zinc-stimulated endocytosis controls activity of the mouse ZIP1 and ZIP3 zinc uptake transporters.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA.

Abstract

The mouse mZip1 and mZip3 zinc transporters have been implicated in zinc acquisition by the cells of many tissues. This hypothesis raised the question of whether activity of these proteins is regulated to maintain zinc homeostasis. Neither mZIP1 nor mZIP3 mRNA levels are highly regulated by zinc status. Therefore, we investigated whether zinc controls the activity of these proteins post-translationally by altering their subcellular distribution. When expressed in transfected cells grown in zinc-replete medium, both mZip1 and mZip3 were largely present in intracellular organelles. However, these proteins were found to rapidly transit between the plasma membrane and intracellular compartments in zinc-replete cells. Zinc deficiency increased plasma membrane levels of mZip1 and mZip3 by decreasing their rates of endocytosis. Greater zinc deficiency was required to alter mZip3 distribution than was needed to affect mZip1. Increased surface levels correlated with increased zinc uptake activity. Taken together, these results suggest that post-translational control of mZip1 and mZip3 localization plays a role in zinc homeostasis. Moreover, our results indicate that zinc-responsive endocytosis is a conserved mechanism controlling activity of many mammalian zinc uptake transporters.

PMID:
15054103
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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