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Appl Opt. 2004 Mar 10;43(8):1710-8.

Lensless imaging from diffraction intensity measurements by use of a noniterative phase-retrieval method.

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  • 1College of Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Japan.


A method of reconstructing the complex amplitude of an object that is illuminated by a coherent wave from its Fresnel diffraction patterns is proposed for high-frequency wave phenomena such as x-rays and electron waves. A noniterative phase-retrieval method that uses a Gaussian filter is employed here, and it is shown that the object's illumination with amplitude distribution in the Fraunhofer diffraction pattern of a circular aperture can be used as a substitute for the Gaussian filter. This method has an advantage over other noniterative phase-retrieval methods in that it can retrieve phase vortices.

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