Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Obes Res. 2004 Mar;12(3):454-60.

High local concentrations and effects on differentiation implicate interleukin-6 as a paracrine regulator.

Author information

  • 1The Lundberg Laboratory for Diabetes Research, Department of Internal Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the possibility that interleukin-6 (IL-6) can act as a paracrine regulator in adipose tissue by examining effects on adipogenic genes and measuring interstitial IL-6 concentrations in situ.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

Circulating and interstitial IL-6 concentrations in abdominal and femoral adipose tissue were measured using the calibrated microdialysis technique in 20 healthy male subjects. The effects of adipose cell enlargement on gene expression and IL-6 secretion were examined, as well as the effect of IL-6 in vitro on gene expression of adiponectin and other markers of adipocyte differentiation.

RESULTS:

The IL-6 concentration in the interstitial fluid was approximately 100-fold higher than that in plasma, suggesting that IL-6 may be a paracrine regulator of adipose tissue. This was further supported by the finding that adding IL-6 in vitro at similar concentrations down-regulated the expression of adiponectin, aP2, and PPARgamma-2 in cultured human adipose tissue. In addition, gene expression and release of IL-6, both in vivo and in vitro, correlated with adipose cell size.

DISCUSSION:

These data suggest that IL-6 may be a paracrine regulator of adipose tissue. Furthermore, increased adipose tissue production of IL-6 after hypertrophic enlargement of the adipose cells may detrimentally affect systemic insulin action by inducing adipose tissue dysfunction with impaired differentiation of the pre-adipocytes and/or adipocytes and lower adiponectin.

PMID:
15044662
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk