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Dis Colon Rectum. 2004 Feb;47(2):180-4.

Outcome of patients with ischemic colitis: review of fifty-three cases.

Author information

  • 1Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain. cmedinammar@hotmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Ischemic colitis is a disease of elderly patients and includes a wide clinical spectrum ranging from mild to severe forms. Some patients may develop complications. Management of this disorder depends on disease severity. Our aim was to review the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed of ischemic colitis and analyze predictive factors of poor prognosis.

METHODS:

This study is a retrospective analysis of 53 cases of ischemic colitis (33 men, 20 women), 35 with moderate and 18 with severe forms, respectively. Clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, segment of colon involved and long-term evolution after discharge were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Hypertension (51 percent) was the main risk factor associated with ischemic colitis. Clinical presentation did not differ between groups, except for peritonitis which was present only in the severe group. Colonoscopy and histologic studies were the most used diagnostic procedures (90 percent). Peripheral vasculopathy (P < 0.01) and right colonic involvement (P < 0.001) were risk factors for severe outcome. Five patients died during admission. Among these, the right colon was affected in four (80 percent). No patient in either group developed chronic ischemic colitis during follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Ischemic colitis usually runs a benign course after acute colonic insult. Peripheral vasculopathy and right colonic involvement are associated with severe forms of ischemic colitis.

PMID:
15043287
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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