Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Radiology. 2004 May;231(2):491-9. Epub 2004 Mar 18.

Liver tumors: MR imaging of radioactive holmium microspheres--phantom and rabbit study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Centre, Heidelberglaan 100, Room E02.222, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.



To investigate the use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the administration and biodistribution of holmium-loaded poly(L-lactic acid) microspheres (Ho-PLLA-MS) in liver tumors.


MR imaging measurements were obtained in phantoms, three ex vivo rabbit livers, and four livers in living rabbits. When applicable, measurements were compared with those on scintigraphic images. The transverse relaxivity R2* of the Ho-PLLA-MS was determined in a phantom study. The in vivo animal experiments were performed by using rabbits with an implanted VX2 tumor. Detection of passing Ho-PLLA-MS to estimate lung shunting was performed in a scaled model of the vena cava.


In the ex vivo liver experiments, the feasibility of real-time MR imaging during administration of microspheres was demonstrated. The in vivo rabbit experiments demonstrated that MR imaging can depict radioactive, nonradioactive, and decayed Ho-PLLA-MS after treatment for as long as they remain in the body. Furthermore, this study showed the ability of dynamic MR imaging to detect single doses of passing Ho-PLLA-MS.


Ho-PLLA-MS used for internal radionuclide therapy can be imaged clearly in vivo with MR imaging.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk