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Diabetes Metab. 2004 Feb;30(1):35-42.

Management of French patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in medical general practice: report of the Mediab observatory.

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  • 1Department of Metabolic Diseases, Lapeyronie Hospital, Montpellier, France. l-monnier@chu-montpellier.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The Mediab study was conducted to estimate the medical care in French patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus managed by general practitioners on an ambulatory basis, but consIdered as requiring new treatment implementation.

METHODS:

Five thousand one hundred and fourty eight diabetic patients without any treatment or treated with lifestyle measures either alone or combined with an oral antIdiabetic agent given as monotherapy were included in a cross-sectional study that was conducted on a nationwIde basis by using the ORP (R) methodology. The 4088 patients in whom HbA1c was determined with a reliable method were further classified into 3 categories according to whether HbA1c was<=6.5% (group I, n=525), ranging between 6.6 and 8% (group II, n=1699) or > 8% (group III, n=1864).

RESULTS:

A large proportion of patients (45.6%) exhibited HbA1c > 8%. Adherence to diet and regular physical activity were progressively decreasing while prevalence of diabetic complications was steadily increasing from group I to III, i.e. when diabetic control was worsening. The complications suffered from severe "underreporting". When complications were reported, the odds-ratio analysis showed that retinopathy is influenced by both the magnitude of glucose excess and the diabetes duration, while renal diseases and macroangiopathy depend mainly on diabetes duration. 38.1% of patients visited a diabetologist, but most of these patients were referred to the speciaList after the inclusion visit.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite the development of guIdelines, a large percentage of patients remains poorly-controlled. Future actions should be based on: (i) better collaboration between general practitioners and diabetologists (ii) better detection of complications that suffer from severe "underreporting", (iii) reinforcement of lifestyle recommendations and of pharmacological treatments by shifting from mono- to multi-drug therapy, at earlier stages of the disease.

PMID:
15029096
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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