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J Neurosci. 2004 Mar 17;24(11):2742-9.

A novel p75 neurotrophin receptor-related protein, NRH2, regulates nerve growth factor binding to the TrkA receptor.

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  • 1Skirball Institute of Bimolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA. s.murray@hfi.unimelb.edu.au


Nerve growth factor (NGF) functions as a ligand for two receptors, the TrkA tyrosine kinase receptor and the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). The Ig-like domains of Trk receptors and the cysteine-rich repeats of p75NTR are involved in binding to the neurotrophins. Recently, a closely related gene to p75NTR called neurotrophin receptor homolog-2 (NRH2) was identified; however, the function of NRH2 and its relevance to neurotrophin signaling are unclear. NRH2 contains a similar transmembrane and intracellular domain as p75NTR but lacks the characteristic cysteine-rich repeats in the extracellular domain. Here we show that NRH2 is expressed in several neuronal populations that also express p75NTR and Trk receptors. NRH2 does not bind to NGF; however, coimmunoprecipitation experiments demonstrate that NRH2 is capable of interacting with TrkA receptors. Coexpression of NRH2 with TrkA receptors resulted in the formation of high-affinity binding sites for NGF. These results indicate that a transmembrane protein related to p75NTR is capable of modulating Trk receptor binding properties.

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